The avian population in Garden Valley, Idaho plays a crucial role in maintaining the balance of the ecosystem. Birds not only contribute to the beauty of the natural surroundings but also play an important role in pollination and seed dispersal, which is vital for the growth and survival of different plant species. Many bird species are also predators, controlling the rodent and insect populations.

Additionally, the diversity of bird species in Garden Valley has economic benefits as well. Bird watching and bird hunting are popular activities that attract tourists to the area, contributing to the local economy. The presence of endangered bird species, such as the Western Yellow-billed Cuckoo, shows the ecological importance of Garden Valley, and the need to protect its habitat. Protecting the avian population in Garden Valley will not only ensure the continued health of the ecosystem but also help to promote tourism and economic development in the area.